Anti-aging – Indicative factors of early facial aging in mouth breathing adults

Anti-Aging Indicative factors of early facial aging in mouth breathing adults

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Early facial aging in mouth breathing adults.

AIM:

To verify the presence of indicative factors of early facial aging and to characterize the measurements of the projection of the nasogeniane fold to the tragus and of the face width in mouth and nose breathing adults.

METHOD:

Aspects of early facial aging were observed in 60 individuals (presence of dark circles and wrinkles under the eyes, mentual wrinkles and mentual ridges). Measurements of the projection of the nasogeniane fold to the tragus. As well as the face width (distance between the buccinators) were taken using a digital caliper.  Later, the volunteers submit to speech-language evaluations (anamneses and orofacial myofuntional assessment).  Also, to an otolaryngology inspection in order to establish the diagnosis of mouth breathing (anamneses, clinical evaluation and video laryngoscopy). The data analysis according to descriptive statistics. As well as to the following statistic tests: Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Shapiro-Wilk, Qui-square, Mann-Withney and the T-Student test for independent variables. Differences were significant when the p value was inferior to .05 and the accepted beta error was of .1.

RESULTS:

The research sample consists only of female volunteers. For the research group (mouth breathers) the age average was of 22.04 +/- 2.25 years. And for the control group (nose breathers) the age average was of 21.94 +/- 2.03 years. The presence of a high percentage of indicative factors of early facial aging was present for the group of mouth breathers when you compare to the group of nose breathers. Greater differences between the projections of the nasogenianos ridges in right and left side of the face was also observe for the group of mouth breathers. However, higher values of face widths were of notice for the nose breathing individuals, configuring a discreetly more wide face in the cheek region.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the present study there was a higher indication of early facial aging for the group of mouth breathers.

[Article in Portuguese]

Oliveira AC1Dos Anjos CASilva EHMenezes Pde L.

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